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List of Poison Related Causes of Death

   
Acid Poisoning The acids, generally, are strong corrosive poisons. Symptoms: sour, acrid taste; burning in the throat, which is increased by pressure, swallowing, or coughing; eructation, and excruciating pain in the stomach; more or less corrugation of the lining membranes of the mouth and primae viae; excoriation about the mouth or such other parts of the skin as the acid may have touched. The matter vomited effervesces with carbonate of lime. The countenance becomes glazed, extremities cold and clammy; convulsions and death. Nitric acid occasions yellow stains, and sulphuric acid, black. [Dunglison1874]
Aconite Poisoning The ordinary blue rocket, wolfsbane or monksbood, Acontium Napellus, and an alkaloid extracted from it, aconitine, are perhaps the most deadly of known poisons. One sixteenth of a grain of aconitine has proved fatal to a man. All the preparations of aconite produce a peculiar burning, tingling, and numbness of the parts to which they are applied. When given in large doses they produce violent vomiting, as a rule, more or less paralysis of motion and sensation, and great depression of the heart, usually ending in death from syncope. Intelligence remains unaffected till almost the last. The treatment consists in the hypodermic injection of digitalin, which is a counter-poison in its action upon the heart. The root of aconite has been eaten in mistake for that of horse-radish. [Britannica1911]
Acrodynia A painful affection of the wrists and ankles, especially with an erythematous eruption, which appeared in Paris as an epidemic, in 1828-29; supposed by some to be rheumatic, by others to be owing to spinal irritation. It appears to have been the same as Dengue. [Duglison1874]

A syndrome in children and infants caused by mercury poisoning, characterized by erythema of the extremities, chest, and nose, polyneuritis, and gastrointestinal disorders. Also called erythredema, pink disease, Swift's disease. [Merriam-Webster]

Alkali Poisoning Symptoms: violent, caustic, acrid taste; great heat in the throat, with destruction of its lining membrane; difficult and painful deglutition; vomiting of bloody matter, which turns the yellow of turmeric brown; acute pain in the stomach; cold sweats, weakness, hiccough; violent colic pains, with purging of bloody stools and membranous flakes; death. [Dunglison1874]
Allantiasis A morbid condition produced by eating unwholesome sausages. It is characterized by constipation, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, imperfect vision, muscular prostration, and enfeeblement of the circulation, and is frequently fatal. [Applleton1904].

Poisoning due to the ingestion of sausages, usually the result of consuming sausages containing the toxins of Clostridium botulium. Also called sausage poisoning. [American Heritage]

An obsolete term for sausage poisoning due to botulism. [CancerWeb]

Argyria Disease produced by the poison Silver; its salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842].
Arsenic Poisoning Symptoms: Violent burning in the region of the stomach and bowels; tenderness on pressure; retching; vomiting; sense of dryness and tightness in the throat; thirst; hoarseness and difficulty of speech; the matter vomited, greenish or yellowish, sometimes streaked with blood; diarrhea; tenesmus; sometimes excoriation of the anus; urinary organs occasionally affected with violent burning pains and suppression; convulsions and cramps; clammy sweats; lividity of the extremities; countenance collapsed; eyes red and sparkling; delirium; death. [Dunglison1868].

Example from an 1886 death certificate from Illinois:

Example from a 1921 death certificate from Illinois:

"Poisonous action of arsenic administered by Dr. while treating deceased for syphilis".

Arsenicia Disease produced by the poison Arsenic; its oxides and salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 

Asphyxiation

To cause to die or lose consciousness by impairing normal breathing, as by gas or other noxious agents; choke; suffocate; smother. [Dictionary.com].

Example from a 1927 death certificate from New Brunswick, Canada:

Atropinia Disease produced by the poison Atropine (Belladonna). [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 

Autointoxication

Poisoning of an organism with matter produced within itself. [Appleton1904]

Poisoning, or the state of being poisoned, from toxic substances produced within the body; autotox[ae]mia. [Webster1913]

Developed from the idea that the body is poisoned by the contents of the large gut, a reflection of the Victorian obsession of constipation. [Ann Dally 1997]

Self-poisoning resulting from the absorption of waste products of metabolism, decomposed intestinal matter, or other toxins produced within the body. [Stedman2002]

Self-poisoning caused by endogenous microorganisms, metabolic wastes, or other toxins produced within the body. Also called autotoxemia. [American Heritage].

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Belladonna The belladonna or deadly nightshade, Atropa Belladonna, contains an alkaloid, atropine, which is largely used by oculists to procure dilatation of the pupils of the eye. The bright scarlet berries of the plant have been eaten by children, who are attracted by their tempting appearance. Belladonna produces dilatation of the pupils, rapid pulse, hot dry flushed skin, with an eruption not unlike that of scarlatina, soreness of the throat, with difficulty of swallowing, intense thirst, and gay, mirthful delirium. The treatment consists in evacuation of the poison by means of the stomach-pump, and the hypodermic injection of morphia as a counter-poison. [Britannica1911]
Bellon Lead Colic
Botulism In humans, food poisoning with neurotoxicity resulting from eating spoiled food contaminated with Clostridium botulinum, which produces botulinum toxin [Dorland]
Fact sheet from CDC
Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health
Fact sheet from WHO
Bromism The general cachetic condition induced by bromine, when affecting the system toxically. [Dunglison1874]

Bromine: a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water [Wordnet]

Cantharidism Poisoning with cantharides, either by their ingestion by the mouth or by absorption from a cantharidal blister. The chief symptoms are strangury, burning pain in the urethra, swelling or even gangrene of the genitals, and the passage of bloody and albuminous urine, together with the usual gastrointestinal signs of irritant poisoning if the drug has been taken by the mouth. The lesions are inflammatory conditions of the kidneys and bladder. Death may occur from the primary irritant effect upon the gastrointestinal canal or from the subsequent renal and cystic inflammation. [Dunglison1868]
Carbolic Acid Poisoning An irritant poison. Symptoms: vomiting of frothy mucus; lining membrane of the mouth white and hardened; severe abdominal pain; cold, clammy skin; insensibility, coma, stertorous breathing; pupils contracted; odor of carbolic acid. [Dunglison1874].

Introduced into the system, either by mouth or through an open surface, it acts as a powerful poison. It coagulates albumin and is very destructive to the lower forms of animal and vegetable life; hence it is much used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. Its long continued application, even in a weak solution, sometimes causes gangrene. [Appleton1904].

Example from a 1919 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Carbolism The state of being poisoned with carbolic acid. The chief symptoms are feebleness of the pulse, which may be either accelerated or retarded, faintness, stertorous breathing, muscular weakness, and finally collapse. Vomiting, diarrhea, vertigo, coma, general anesthesia, and convulsions are also observed in some cases. The urine becomes dark colored and in some cases nearly black, and show a marked diminution or almost complete absence of sulphates. Carbolism may be very acute, coming on immediately after the ingestion or application of carbolic acid and causing death within very few hours, or it may be insidious in its onset, with symptoms lasting for several weeks. The latter form is due especially to the prolonged and continuous application of the acid. [Appleton1904].
Carbon Monoxide Carbon monoxide poisoning occurs after enough inhalation of carbon monoxide (CO). Carbon monoxide is a toxic gas, but, being colorless, odorless, tasteless, and non-irritating, it is very difficult for people to detect. Carbon monoxide is a product of combustion of organic matter with insufficient oxygen supply and is often produced in domestic or industrial settings by motor vehicles and other gasoline-powered tools, heaters, and cooking equipment. [Wikipedia].

Fact sheet from CDC

Example from a 1907 Funeral Home Record in California:

Cereal Convulsion Rapahania. A singular disorder of the convulsive kind, attended with a peculiar tingling and formication in the arms and legs. It is said to be endemic in Germany, and to arise from the use of spoiled corn. [Dunglison1868]
Chloroform Poisoning Chloroform vapor, inhaled in a concentrated form, produces speedily fatal effects. Diluted with atmospheric air, it causes insensibility and total loss of muscular power, death sometimes resulting from shock, syncope, or convulsions. When swallowed as a liquid, it is a much less active poison. [Dunglison1874]
Cypria Disease produced by the poison Copper; its oxides and salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Dermatitis Venenata Inflammation of the skin produced by scrid or poisonous agents. [Dunglison 1874].
Devonshire Colic Colic of Poitou. A species of colic, occasioned by the introduction of lead into the system, and named from its frequent occurrence in Devonshire and Poitou, where lead was formerly used to destroy the acidity of the weak wines and cider made in these parts. It is also called painter's colic, from the same cause. [Hoblyn1855]

Lead Poisoning

Dry Bellyache Lead Poisoning
Dry Gripes Lead Colic
Elaterinia Disease produced by the poison Elaterine (Elaterium). [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842].
Ergotism An epidemic occurring in moist districts, from the use or ergota, in rye bread. Its forms are, the convulsive, - a nervous disease, characterized by violent spasmodic convulsions; and the gangrenous, - a depraved state of the constitution, terminating in dry gangrene, and known in Germany by the name of creeping sickness. [Hoblyn1855]

The poisonous effects of ergot of rye. [Thomas1875]

Chronic poisoning, or ergotism, used frequently to occur amongst the poor fed on rye infected with the Claviceps. As it is practically impossible to reproduce the symptoms of ergotism nowadays, whether experimentally in the lower animals, or when the drug is being administered to a human being for some therapeutic purpose, it is believed that the symptoms of ergotism were rendered possible only by the semi-starvation which must have ensued from the use of such rye-bread; for the grain disappears as the fungus develops. There were two types of ergotism. In the gangrenous form various parts of the body underwent gangrene as a consequence of the arrest of blood supply produced by the action of sphacelinic acid on the arteries. In the spasmodic form the symptoms were of a nervous character. The initial indications of the disease were cutaneous itching, tingling and formication, which gave place to actual loss of cutaneous sensation, first observed in the extremities. Amblyopia and some loss of hearing also occurred, as well as mental failure. With weakness of the voluntary muscles went intermittent spasms which weakened the patient and ultimately led to death by implication of the respiratory muscles. The last-known epidemic of ergotism occurred in Lorraine and Burgundy in the year 1816. [Britannica1911].

Ergotism could be called a "cereal killer" for its cause, ergot, comes from cereals such as rye and wheat and is quite capable of killing someone. A fungus (Claviceps purpurea) that contaminates rye and wheat produces substances (alkaloids) termed ergotamines. Ergotamines constrict blood vessels and cause the muscle of the uterus to contract. They have been much used and been very useful for the treatment of migraine. They have also been used and misused as abortifacients (agents of abortion). In excess, however, ergotamines can cause symptoms such as hallucinations, severe gastrointestinal upset, a type of dry gangrene, and a painful burning sensation in the limbs and extremities. Chronic ergot poisoning (ergotism) was rife during the Middle Ages due to the consumption of contaminated rye. Because of the burning pain, it was known as "ignis sacer" (holy fire), "ignis infernalis" (hell's fire) and St. Anthony's fire. [Medicinenet]

Poisoning of humans or other animals from excessive or misdirected medicinal use of ergot, or from eating ergotized grain; it is marked by cerebrospinal symptoms, spasms, cramps, and sometimes a kind of dry gangrene. [Dorland].

Epidemic ergotism is caused by eating black bread made from rye which has been infected by the Claviceps fungus. [Cartwright]

Funginia Disease produced by the poison Fungine (Poisonous Fungi). [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Gelseminia Gelseminum: Gelsemium Nitidum: Yellow Jessamine. The flowers, root, etc., of this shrub of the Southern States are employed, and the effluvia from the former are said sometimes to induce stupor. The root is officinal. Gelseminum is a nervous and arterial sedative, and in overdoses a poison. It is usually prescribed in the form of tincture. [Dunglison 1874].

Example from an 1871 Death Record from Michigan:

Hippo An arrow poison said to be employed by the Lakaye and Somang tribes in Africa, causing vomiting, tetanic convulsions, and death by simultaneous arrest of the respiration and cardiac action; probably made from a species of strychnos. [Appleton1904]
Hydrargyria Disease produced by the poison Quicksilver; its oxides and salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Hydrochloric Acid Poisoning Symptoms: hydrochloric acid gases produce, when inhaled, violent irritation of the organs of respiration; cough, bloody expectoration, inflammation of the lungs, and permanent pulmonary disease. [Dunglison1874]
Hydrocyania Disease produced by the poison Hydrocyanic Acid. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Hydrosulfuria Disease produced by the poison Sulphuretted Hydrogen. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Illuminating Gas Poisoning Toxic asphyxiation due to the displacement of oxygen from oxyhemoglobin by carbon monoxide. [Medical Dictionary Online].

Illuminating gas: was a synthetic mixture of hydrogen and hydrocarbon gases produced by destructive distillation (pyrolysis) of bituminous coal or peat. It was used for gas lighting, as it produces a much brighter light than natural gas or water gas. Although also sometimes called coal gas, it should not be confused with water gas or syngas, which are made from anthracite coal or coke plus water, and chemically quite different. Illuminating gas was much less toxic than these other forms of coal gas, but less could be produced from a given quantity of coal.
Illuminating gas consists mainly of methane, ethylene and hydrogen. The experiments with distilling coal were described by John Clayton in 1684. George Dixon's pilot plant exploded in 1760, setting back the production of illuminating gas a few years. The first commercial application was in a Manchester cotton mill in 1806. In 1901, studies of the defoliant effect of leaking gas pipes lead to the discovery that ethylene is a plant hormone. [AllExperts Encyclopedia].

Example from an 1900 Death Certificate from New York:

Example from an 1925 Death Certificate:

Iodia Disease produced by the poison Iodine. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Lead Colic A violent form of intestinal colic, associated with obstinate constipation, produced by chronic lead poisoning. [Webster]
Lead Mania Mania due to plumbism. [Dunglison 1903].
Lead Palsy Lead Paralysis. The paralysis of the upper extremities especially, induced by the poison of lead. [Dunglison1855]
Lead Poisoning Morbid phenomena induced by lead received into the system. [Dunglison1855].

Symptoms: irritation of the alimentary canal; spasm; nervous symptoms; paralysis, either partial or complete. When taken for some time, in small quantity, violent and obstinate colic; rigidity of abdominal muscles, cramps; remission of pain; obstinate constipation, urine diminished, saliva increased; countenance anxious and gloomy. If relief be not promptly obtained, giddiness, debility, torpor, coma, convulsions and death. The paralysis affects generally the upper extremities. [Dunglison1874].

Lead poisoning, or plumbism, a disease of occupations, which is itself the cause of organic disease, particularly of the nervous and urinary systems. The workpeople affected are principally those engaged in potteries where lead-glaze is used; but other industries in which health is similarly affected are filemaking, house-painting and glazing, glass-making, copperworking, coach-making, plumbing and gasfitting, printing, cutlery, and generally those occupations in which lead is concerned. The symptoms of chronic lead poisoning vary within very wide limits, from colic and constipation up to total blindness, paralysis, convulsions and death. They are thus described by Dr J. T. Arlidge (Diseases of Occupations) : The poison finds its way gradually into the whole mass of the circulating blood, and exerts its effects mainly on the nervous system, paralyzing nerve-force and with it muscular power. Its victims become of a sallow-waxy hue; the functions of the stomach and bowels are deranged, appetite fails and painful colic with constipation supervenes. The loss of power is generally shown first in the fingers, hands and wrists, and the condition known as wrist-drop soon follows, rendering the victim useless for work. The palsy will extend to the shoulders, and after no long time to the legs also. Other organs frequently involved are the kidneys, the tissue of which becomes permanently damaged; whilst the sight is weakened or even lost. [Britannica1911]

Information sheet from NYS Dept of Health

Example from a 1920 Death Certificate from Ohio:

Lead Rheumatism Lead Neuralgia. The neuralgic and spasmodic pains caused by the poison of lead. [Dunglison1855]
Luminal Poisoning Overdose of Luminal.

Luminal: a long-acting barbiturate used as a sedative. Also called Purple Heart. [Wordnet]

A sedative/anticonvulsant barbiturate that has been used to treat diarrhea and to increase the antitumor effect of other therapies. [Hyperdictionary]

Mercurial Erethism An affection arising from the use of mercury, and characterized by irregular action of the heart, frequent sighing, trembling, etc. [Hoblyn1855]
Mercurial Tremors Workers in mercury, such as water-gilders, looking-glass makers, and the makers of barometers and thermometers, are apt to suffer from a peculiar form of shaking palsy, known as the trembles, or mercurial tremor. This disease affects most frequently those who are exposed to mercurial fumes. The victim is affected with tremors when an endeavor is made to exert the muscles, so that he is unable, for instance, to convey a glass of water to the lips steadily, and when he walks he breaks into a dancing trot. The treatment consists in removal from the mercurial atmosphere, baths, fresh air, and the administration of iron and other tonics. [Britanica1911]
Mercury Poisoning Symptoms: similar to those of irritant poisons; harsh metallic astringent taste; burning pain in the stomach; vomiting and purging, frequently of bloody matter; often irritation of the urinary organs, and sometimes suppression; tightness and burning in the throat, occasionally so great as to prevent speech; countenance not always pale, but sometimes flushed; tendency to doze; stupor, convulsions and death. [Dunglison1874]
Milk Poisoning Milk Sickness
Milk Sickness A disease endemic in the Western States of Alabama, Indiana, and Kentucky. It affects both man and beast. It is commonly attributed, in cattle, to something eaten or drunken by them; and in man, to the eating of the flesh of animals which have been affected with the disease. From the rigors which occur in animals, the disease has been called trembles. [Hoblyn1855].

An endemic disease in the Western States, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Alabama, etc.., resulting, it is supposed, from the milk being poisoned by something eaten by the cow. [Thomas1875].

A peculiar malignant disease, occurring in some parts of the Western United States, and affecting certain kinds of farm stock (esp. cows), and persons who make use of the meat or dairy products of infected cattle. Its chief symptoms in man are uncontrollable vomiting, obstinate constipation, pain, and muscular tremors. Its origin in cattle has been variously ascribed to the presence of certain plants in their food, and to polluted drinking water. [Webster].

Acute, often fatal poisoning in humans who drink milk, or eat milk products or meat, from cattle or sheep that were poisoned by eating plants containing tremetol; the human disease is marked by weakness, anorexia, vomiting, constipation, and sometimes muscular tremors. [Dorland].

Example from an 1870 Mortality Schedule from Kentucky:

Molybdia Disease produced by the poison Lead; its oxides and salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Mortification Ergot Ergotism
Mortification Mildew Ergotism
Nicotinia Disease produced by the poison Nicotianine (Tobacco). [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Oxalia Disease produced by the poison Oxalic Acid. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Poisoned Poisoning.

Example from a 1734 London, England Death Record:

Oxalic Acid Poisoning Oxalic acid is a vegetable acid. When taken in the state of concentrated solution it acts as a corrosive, but when diluted as an irritant. But it also exerts a specific effect, killing the patient by cardiac syncope not infrequently within a few minutes. When a person after taking a crystalline substance, tasting strongly acid, dies within 15 or 30 minutes, after the manifestation of great weakness, small pulse and failure of the hearts power, poisoning by oxalic acid is almost certain. [Britannica1911].

Example from a 1909 Death Certificate from England:

Phosphorus Of the two chief forms of the element the yellow or ordinary and the red or amorphous, the former only is poisonous. Rarely there is met with a chronic form of poisoning among workers in the material, arising from the inhalation of phosphorus vapors. Its special characteristic is a peculiar necrosis or death of the bony structure of the lower jaw. Acute phosphorus poisoning is more common. Phosphorus is used for tipping matches, and is also the basis of several vermin destroyers. [Britannica1911]
Pink Disease A condition seen primarily in childhood, most often resulting from chronic exposure to mercury compounds which may result in encephalopathy and polyneuropathy. Clinical features include pain, swelling and pinkish discoloration of the fingers and toes, weakness in the extremities, extreme irritability, hyperesthesia, and alterations in level of consciousness. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p603) [MedDictOnline]
Plumbism Lead Poisoning
Ptomaine Poisoning Food poisoning, erroneously believed to be the result of ptomaine ingestion. Not in scientific use. [Heritage]

Ptomaine: A basic nitrogenous organic compound produced by bacterial putrefaction of protein.

Example from a 1921 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Puking Fever

Milk Sickness. [Neill1866]

Quininism The aggregate of encephalic or neuropathic phenomena induced by overdoses of quinine. [Dunglison1868].

 That disturbance of the nervous system caused by large doses, or by the continued use, of the sulphate of quinine. [Thomas1875]

Quinine: An alkaloid extract from the bark of the cinchona tree which is used to treat malaria and fever; it is also a minor ingredient in tonic water. Quinine poisoning produces symptoms such as nausea, rash, ringing in the ears, and possibly heart failure. [HyperBiology]

Rapahania / Rhaphania A convulsive disease, not uncommon in Germany and Sweden, and which has been attributed to the seeds of the Raphanus being mixed with the corn. The convulsions are seated in the limbs, and are attended with acute pain. [Dunglison1868]

A spasmodic disease supposed to be due to poisoning by the seeds of Rhaphanus rhaphanistrum, the wild radish. [CancerWEB]

Salmonella Poisoning Gastroenteritis that is caused by food contaminated with bacteria of the genus Salmonella which multiply freely in the gastrointestinal tract but do not produce septicemia. Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. [Heritage]

Fact sheet from WHO

Saturnism Lead Poisoning
Sausage Poisoning Botulism

Sick Stomach

Milk sickness

Slaty Anemia A term applied to a grayish color of the face in poisoning by acetanilide or silver. [Dorland]

Slows

Milk sickness. [Neill1866]

Stibia Disease produced by the poison Antimony; its oxides and salts. [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Strychnine An extremely poisonous white crystalline alkaloid used as a poison for rodents and formerly used topically as a central nervous system stimulant. [Heritage].

Strychnine, and all substances containing that alkaloid, produce their effects within a very few minutes usually within ten or fifteen minutes. The patient complains of stiffness about the neck, and his aspect exhibits terror. There is an impression of impending calamity or death. Very speedily the head is jerked back, the limbs extended, the back arched (opisthotonos), so that the body may rest on the head and heels only. In a few moments these symptoms pass off, and there is complete relaxation of the spasm. The spasmodic condition speedily returns, and is brought about by the slightest touch or movement of the patient. Accessions and remissions of the tetanic state ensue rapidly till the patient succumbs, usually within half an hour of the administration of the poison. The best treatment is to put, and keep, the patient under the influence of chloroform till time is given for the excretion of the alkaloid, having previously given a full dose of chioral hydrate. [Britannica1911].

Example from an 1871 death record from Michigan:

Example from a 1919 Death Certificate from Georgia:

Strychninia Disease produced by the poison Strychnine (Nux Vomica, St. Ignatius's Bean). [House of Commons papers, Volume 19, By Great Britain. Parliament, 1842]. 
Sulphuric Acid Gas The gas given off by burning sulphur is most suffocating and irritating. Its inhalation, even in a highly diluted state, may cause speedy death from spasmodic closure of the glottis. [Britannica1911]
Swamp Cheese Eating Swamp Cheese - From a death record: "Bridget Bagley died August 1864; aged Two years one month; White Female, attending physician's cause of death: Eating Swamp Cheeses."

Low Mallow is a native plant of North America. It is also known as Swamp Cheese because of the cheese shaped fruit. See the following website for additional information; Altnature

Tires Milk Sickness. [Neill1866]
Toxic Of, relating to, or caused by a toxin or other poison. [Dorland]
Trembles Milk Sickness. [Neill1866]

A popular term for mercurial tremor. [Thomas1875]

Wrist Drop Paralysis of the muscles of the forearm, usually produced by poisoning by lead. [Hoblyn1855]